The chenille fabric is unique; it brings elegance to clothes in an original way. But also to furniture and curtains. The term “Chenille” can refer to a type of yarn or fabric made from it. The basic technique is to weave a “leno” fabric and then cut strips of fabric to make chenille yarn.
The word Chenille indicates that the yarn resembles fur. And has nothing to do with the animal!
Leno Or Cross Weave
Leno, primarily known for its use in gauze. Also called “cross-weave.” This weave consists of twisting two warp threads around the weft threads to provide a solid but transparent fabric. The standard warp thread is associated with a skeleton or “doup” thread; these twisted warp threads adhere tightly to the weft, resulting in the durability of the fabric.
This weave produces a loose fabric with almost no thread slippage as they are all held, pick after pick, stuck with each passage of the weft threads.
Chenille yarn forms by placing short lengths of yarn called “pile”. They are inserted between two “core threads” which are twisted together.
The edges of these bristles are then perpendicular to the core of the thread, giving the Chenille both undoubted softness and, at the same time, its characteristic appearance.
The caterpillar will look different in one direction than in another because the fibers do not always pick up light in the same way. The caterpillar can appear iridescent without necessarily using iridescent fibers.
The yarn is usually made from cotton, but can also be made using acrylic, viscose/rayon, or olefin.
Characteristics Of Leno Weave
Leno weave fabric allows light and air to pass freely, so it is used in all areas where a sheer, open weave fabric is required that will not bruise (where the threads run away from them). Woven uniformity, disturbing the beauty of weaving). If a simple flat weave inside and outside were woven very loosely to achieve the same effect, the threads would tend to bruise.
Leno weaves are often used for window treatments and for sheer layers for delicate clothing. When made with fiberglass or other strong yarns or impregnated with a reinforcing compound, it can be used as an engineering material in construction . However, due to the openness of the fabric, so a strong covering is required, it is often used in conjunction with other weaving styles. 
Items made from woven leno fabric include:
- Produce bags – onions, potatoes, cabbage
- Shellfish bags – oysters, mussels, and clams
- Bags of firewood
- Curtains and draperies
- Mosquito net
The loom is threaded with the warp thread and a double thread to produce a gauze weave. The double wire may have similar or less weight and strength. The weft is woven into and for each weft shuttle, the warp threads are twisted interchangeably to produce a figure-of-eight pattern.