Types Of Silk With Pictures:
Knowing all the types of fabrics and their uses is a help, but there are only a few materials that are frequently used. Having a good grasp of the frequently used fabrics and their properties will add much more to the garment. Here are the different types of silk fabrics for better use in the garments making.
Silk is a soft, lustrous fabric adding beauty to the garment. There are numerous benefits compared to any other man-made replicas of silk.
- Silk is the most hypoallergenic of all fabrics because of its natural protein structure.
- An all-climate fabric.
- Silk is highly absorbent and dries quickly.
- Silk is robust, in spite of its delicate appearance and its smooth surface resists soil and odours well.
- It is the strongest natural fibre and can easily compete with steel yarn in tensile strength.
- Silk takes colour well, washes easily, and is easy to work within spinning, weaving, knitting, and sewing
- It blends well with other animal and vegetable fibres
So, it is important to know the types of silk fabrics and we’re going to look into it.
Types Of Silk fabrics With Pictures:
Here are the types of silk fabrics with names and pictures. These are the most used types of silk fabric for clothing.
Crepe Silk back satin:
It is a satin weave silk with a crepe back with the warp threads cross over three or more of the backing threads. This is a reversible fabric.
- Medium weight
- Natural elasticity
- Soft draping
- Clinging quality
- Shiny front satin weave and dull back crepe weave
- Luxurious silky flowy
- Biased cut stretch
- Formal Wear
- Formal dressmaking projects such as bridal gowns, bridesmaid dresses, prom dresses, evening gowns
- Home furnishings such as table runners, bed drapes
- Venue Dressing
This is also a satin weave like crepe back satin except that it is lightweight. Charmeuse is irreversible, unlike crepe back satin. It has the warp threads cross over four or more of the backing (weft) threads.
- Very Soft
- Lustrous Sheen
- Shiny front and dull backside
- Bias cut liquidy effect
- Evening gowns
- Loungewear, lingerie
- High-quality linings
Silk Organza is a sheer, thin open-weave fabric. It is similar to cotton organdy except it is made with silk and is transparent. Organza has a crisp drape, which requires special sewing techniques for seams, facings, and hems because they will be visible from the outside of the garment.
- Heavier and crisper than silk gauze
- Smooth flat finish
- Crisp drape
- Stiff with tightly twisted yarn
- Drape ball gowns
- Cocktail dresses
- Interfacing, veils, and undergowns
- Base fabric for embellished fabrics
Sheer Chiffon(“rag” in French):
A very light, diaphanous fabric, Chiffon is made with a loose, plain weave and tightly twisted single crêpe yarns in both warp and weft. Chiffon is softer and thinner than Georgette. Because of its slippery quality, chiffon is difficult to cut and sew.
- Very light and thin
- Limp drape
- Soft and supple
- Slightly rough
- Very delicate
- Gives floaty effect
- Special occasion dresses
A plain weave crepe fabric with two highly twisted S and two highly twisted Z yarns alternately in both warp and weft. It is similar to silk crepe but is not as soft or lustrous as the crepe. Chiffon and Georgette are the daily used among all the types of silk fabrics.
- Heavier than chiffon
- Grainy texture
- Durable but Snags easily
- Lightweight and thin
- Falls into soft ripples
- Drapes very fluidly
- Relatively difficult to sew
- Doesn’t show pin marks, and doesn’t hold a crease
- Bias-cut flared skirts
- Evening wear
It is a soft silk with fine cross ribs and looks like Charmeuse. Also called polyvoltine.
- Very heavy
- Stiff satin
- Medium weight fabric with satin finish
- Sews easily but pins and needles leave marks
- Elegant mermaid wedding gowns
- Evening wear
- Bridal gowns
- Elegant dresses
This is 100% silk with a twill weave. Good for structured garments. It has a long nap which is usually made from wool and is sometimes combined with Angora or Alpaca fibres.
- Thick and soft
- Sturdy silk
- Holds shape
- Wedding dresses
- Coats, jackets, suits
contour fabrication. Pleated draping
The silkworms fed on mulberry-leaves become silkworm cocoons, then become silk yarn threads and fabric after delicately spun and weaved.
- Crisp fabric
- Cocktail evening gowns
Habutai is a plain weave of silk, originally handwoven of single warp yarns and filling yarns of hand-reeled silk, which made it slightly irregular. This silk is the “hand” or touches that many people identify as silk.
- Lightweight satin
- Graceful drape
- Slightly transparent
- Lesser wrinkles
- Natural in colour, sheer and ivory
- Relatively easy to sew and doesn’t show pins marks
- Light jackets
Silk Jersey is a knit two-way stretch fabric. The edges of the fabric are finished with an overlock stitch to prevent fraying. Tucks and cowls are great in this fabric as it casts dark shadows that dramatically offset the lustrous nature of the silk jersey.
- Silky soft
- Luxe drape
- High lustre
- Twists, two-way stretch
- Evening wear
- Goddess gowns
- Swim cover-ups
You can check this video for more information.
These are the 10 most used types of silk fabrics each used for specific purposes, giving the garments its look.