Merino Wool Vs Cashmere – Pros And Cons
After having suffered the first attacks of the cold, it is legitimate to want to set up a defense system using warm socks. Therefore, the choice of materials arises, and many customers ask us to enlighten them on the selection of merino wool or cashmere. What are the differences between merino wool and cashmere? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
If the softness was measurable, it would depend on the fineness of the fibers. The finer the fibers, the softer the yarn. The softer the yarn, the softer the sock will be. In this little game, cashmere wins the sleeve of softness because cashmere fibers are on average finer than merino wool fibers. Merinos usually have fibers between 19 and 23 microns in diameter, while the cashmere goat has 14 to 18 microns in diameter.
Note that this is an average. Indeed, the finest wool in the world was obtained from merino. In 2010 Zegna broke her own 2003 record with 10 micron wool. Zegna managed to weave a 60 meter piece with fibers averaging 11.1 microns!
The fabric must have sold for more than the vicuña.
Merino wool is more durable than cashmere. The length and diameter of the fibers determine the durability as the shorter fibers tend to pill a little more. However, cashmere fibers are between 30 and 90 mm, and merino wool is between 30 and 120 mm. The pilling will go in the direction of a little more rapid wear. Merino wool will therefore be more durable than cashmere. The most substantial yarns that are the old tweeds are made of coarse wool, with thick fibers (therefore less soft) but more resistant.
Cashmere regains the advantage. The fineness of the fibers allows cashmere to capture more air than equivalent yarn gauge wool. To put it differently, imagine two cylinders filled with either fine fibers or thicker fibers. Mechanically, the cylinder filled with fine fibers will capture more small air bubbles. However, air is an excellent insulator (provided it is captured). This is why cashmere is a little warmer than merino wool, all other things being equal.
This is also why cashmere is warm when it’s cold while being light when it’s warmer.
Advantage for merino wool, which with some exceptions in cases of extreme fineness, is less expensive than cashmere. The abundance of wool production explains this compared to that of cashmere.
Merino Wool vs. Cashmere: The natural performance showdown
When you compare a merino wool sweater and a cashmere sweater, you will notice two major differences. First of all, the plush softness of the cashmere sweater is quite evident. Second, you might notice the superior elasticity of the merino wool sweater.
Merino wool is naturally more elastic and durable than cashmere, so it is often used to make sportswear and base layers. Because the fibers are so strong, they can be used to make diapers and socks that vary in weight considerably. Take the merino wool layers, they range from ultralight to heavier due to the superior durability and versatility of merino wool fiber. This characteristic makes merino wool an excellent choice for functional use in your active endeavors.
But what lacks in the durability of cashmere is its softness, luxury, and ultralight warmth. Cashmere sweaters and cashmere scarves are coveted for their plush and light feel, which you can’t achieve with merino wool. Like From Future Cashmere for Women and Men, High-quality cashmere is unmatched in its ultra-fine and luxurious appearance. In addition, cashmere fiber has more loft than merino wool, so it is more insulating. This makes cashmere the best choice for those looking for a luxurious style that offers breathable warmth.
Active function or elegant luxury?
So your choice between a merino wool sweater and a cashmere sweater will boil down to your intention to use it. Since both provide a high degree of comfort in almost all types of weather, you will need to consider your desire for style, functionality, and luxury. If your sweater goes with you on an active adventure, it is better to choose merino wool. If you’re planning to wear your sweater to work, to a restaurant dinner, or a special event, you can’t beat the quality and luxury of a cashmere sweater.
Now that you have all the facts, which one would you choose? Merino wool or cashmere sweater?